’The aim of marketing is to know and understand the customer so well that the product or service sells itself’’

Peter Drucker, Professor and Father of Management

Market research is the commercial equivalent of ‘’looking before you leap.’’ Having hit on your ‘’eureka idea’’, you cannot immediately rush to the marketplace to implement. You need to test the receptiveness of your target market to your idea.

In order to develop a sound business, you need a concrete strategy. Therefore, you are advised to conduct your market research using the 3C’s strategy (customers, competition and company) by Kenechi Ohimae. The philosophy of the 3C is here explained: what is that thing that the customer wants, that competition cannot deliver, but that the company, or a new company product can offer? The use of the 3C’s demands the conduct of a market research.

Market research can be conducted in several ways – surveys, focus group discussions, interviews, observation etc. Market research can be primary or secondary. You may conduct your research online using free tools such as Survey Monkey: www.surveymonkey.com.

Regardless of the means you use to gather information from your customers, the following information needs to be uncovered:

1.1      What the Customer Wants

Identify your internal stakeholders (yourself and your team members) You also need to identify your external stakeholders.

If your customers are individuals, they can be segmented according to characteristics such as:

  • Age
  • Occupation
  • Gender
  • Income
  • Geographic location

If your customers are businesses, they can be segmented according to the following characteristics:

  • Industry
  • Number of employees
  • Revenue
  • Geographic location

After segmentation, you need to identify your target market and create a profile of your target market using categories such as geography, behavior, demographics etc. Note the total number of target businesses and the potential market size.

1.2      What the Competition Cannot Deliver

Identify who your competitors are. Draw the entire competitive landscape of both local and international competitors. Which companies are most likely to launch a successful attack on your idea?

Analyze the messages of your competitors. How are your competitors trying to appeal to your customers? How can your company differentiate itself?

1.3      What the Company Can Offer

Conduct an internal assessment of the company along the following elements:

  • Who you are
  • Where you are
  • What you plan to sell
  • How you are run

Putting all this information together, conduct a SWOT analysis and identify what your company can deliver.

1.4      Integration of insights

Integrate all the insights from the customers, company and competition and come up with a market gap, which your product can fill. It should answer the following questions:

  • What is your value proposition?
  • Who will deliver it?
  • What will be delivered?
  • How will they deliver it?

1.5      Strategic imperatives

In order to deliver on your brand promise, how are you going to engineer your operations? You need to identify the following strategic imperatives:

  • Product strategy
  • Pricing strategy
  • Place/distribution strategy
  • Promotion strategy
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